Evaluating Resources: Types of Journals
What kind of journal is this?
When researching, you will come across a variety of different types of journals. Most journals and magazines fall into one of the following three categories: scholarly, popular, and trade publications. This table will show you how to find out how to tell the difference between these types of journals.
|Scholarly Journals||Popular Journals||Trade Journals|
|Purpose||Informs/reports on original research done by scholars and experts in the field.<||Entertains and informs a general audience without providing in-depth analysis.||Reports on industry trends, new products or techniques useful to people in a trade or business.|
|Authors||Articles are written by subject specialists and experts in the field.||Articles are written by journalists, freelance writers, or an editorial staff.||Articles are written by specialists in a certain field or industry.|
|Audience||Intended for a limited audience - mainly researchers, scholars, and experts.||Appeals to a broad segment of the population.||Intended for people in a particular profession, business, or industry.|
|Appearance||Simple cover design, few images or ads. May include charts, graphs, data.||Glossy, colorful, many images and lots of advertising.||Often glossy paper; images/advertisements relate to specific field or profession.|
|Article length||Tend to be lengthy, may include original research, in-depth analysis, very specific focus.||Typically brief, from less than 1 page to several pages.||Short to medium length articles.|
|Content||Original research, literary criticism and theory, literature review, in-depth analysis of topic.||Short, feature-length articles, news and general interest topics.||Articles about professional trends, new products or techniques, industry-related news.|
|Writing style||Use terminology, language and jargon relevant to the discipline.||Simple language used, written for general public.||Technical, field-specific language used, assumes reader familiar with industry.|
|References||Articles typically include references, notes, works cited.||Articles typically do not have references.||Articles sometimes have references.|